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Average gross and net salary in Germany as of 2021 in EUR, USD and GBP at the current exchange rate

On this page you will find out what the average salary in Germany is as of 2021, as well as by year in euros and USD at the current rate. Here is the data in the tables on the net salary, after tax and gross salaries, salaries before taxes and deductions. In addition, it will be interesting to know what average employee expenses are borne by enterprises in Germany. Individual pages show the average salaries for the countries of Europe, the European Union and other countries of the world. You may also be interested in our catalogue of wages by profession in Germany and a comparison of the average wages of men and women in Germany.


§ Average salary in Germany

Average salary rate according to the Federal Office of Statistics

In table 1 below, you will find the current average salary in Germany published by the German Federal Statistics Office. The table shows the gross salary before the deduction of taxes and charges for a full-time job. The basis for the calculations is a salary for 1 month of work totalling 3'975.00 euros. This average salary is calculated for the so-called secondary sector of the German economy, which mainly includes manufacturing, construction, and services. The presented average salary amount does not include one-off payments.

Table 1: Average gross salary in Germany as of 2020
in euros, USD and GBP

Period of time Salary,
in EUR
Salary,
in US dollars *
Salary,
in pounds sterling *
Annual gross salary 47'700.00 € 55'341.54 USD 40'243.54 GBP
Monthly gross salary 3'975.00 € 4'611.80 USD 3'353.63 GBP
Weekly gross salary 993.75 € 1'152.95 USD 838.41 GBP
Hourly gross salary 24.84 € 28.82 USD 20.96 GBP
The average monthly gross salary/ wages rate in Germany for a full-time job in the secondary sector of economy is 3'975.00 € (According to the German Federal Statistics Office).

To calculate the net salary, i.e. the amount of the salary actually paid to the employee (net), after withholding taxes and social charges, we apply the following calculation method. According to the Federal Office of Statistics the net salary in Germany for 2020 at full-time work is a share of 59% to 67% of gross salary, depending on whether the person has a family, children, whether two spouses work, or only one does. Thus, the share of 65% can be taken as the ratio of the average share of net salary to gross salary. Applying this amount, table 2 below shows the average net salary rate in Germany.

Table 2: Average net salary rate in Germany as of 2020
in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Period of time Salary,
in EUR
Salary,
in US dollars *
Salary,
in pounds sterling *
Annual net salary 31'005.00 € 35'972.00 USD 26'158.30 GBP
Monthly net salary 2'583.75 € 2'997.67 USD 2'179.86 GBP
Weekly net salary 645.94 € 749.42 USD 544.96 GBP
Hourly net salary 16.15 € 18.74 USD 13.62 GBP

Key to tables 1 and 2:

Average salary rate according to the German Pension Fund

Other data giving an idea of the average salary rate in Germany are the data by the German Pension Fund. To calculate various indicators related to the pensions accounting, the Pension Fund uses the average gross salary rate of all persons insured in the German Pension Fund. This indicator of the average gross salary rate is based on the data from the Statistics Office and is approved by the Bundesrat, the Federal Council of Germany. As of 2020, the average annual salary/ wages rate before taxes and social charges amounted to 40'551.00 euros. This salary is calculated regardless of the economy sector and time of employment in the workplace. To calculate the net salary (after taxes and charges) based on the data of the Pension Fund, we use the percentage ratio average indicator of net salary to gross salary in Germany making 65%, for details see above on the page.

The average annual gross salary rate in Germany among all the insured in the German Pension Fund is 40'551.00 € (According to the German Pension Fund).

Table 3: Average salary in Germany as of 2020,
in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling (by the data of the Pension Fund)

Period of time Salary,
in EUR
Salary,
in US dollars *
Salary,
in pounds sterling *
Gross salary (before taxes and charges):
Annual gross salary 40'551.00 € 47'047.27 USD 34'212.07 GBP
Monthly gross salary 3'379.25 € 3'920.61 USD 2'851.01 GBP
Weekly gross salary 844.81 € 980.15 USD 712.75 GBP
Hourly gross salary 21.12 € 24.50 USD 17.82 GBP
Net salary (after taxes and charges):
Annual net salary 26'358.15 € 30'580.73 USD 22'237.84 GBP
Monthly net salary 2'196.51 € 2'548.39 USD 1'853.15 GBP
Weekly net salary 549.13 € 637.10 USD 463.29 GBP
Hourly net salary 13.73 € 15.93 USD 11.58 GBP

Key to table 3:

§ Average gross salary rate in Germany per month (before taxes and social charges) in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Table 4 below shows the average gross wages/ salary rate in Germany by year for a month of full - time work over the past 10 years. These figures are based on the information from the German Federal Office of Statistics; for more information on the statistics provided, see the page above, refer to the article Average gross salary rate in Germany.

Table 4: Average gross monthly salary rate in Germany, by year, in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Year Monthly salary,
in EUR
Monthly salary,
in US dollars *
Monthly salary,
in pounds sterling *
2020 3'975.00 € 4'611.80 USD3'353.63 GBP
2019 3'994.00 € 4'633.84 USD3'369.66 GBP
2018 3'880.00 € 4'501.58 USD3'273.48 GBP
2017 3'771.00 € 4'375.11 USD3'181.52 GBP
2016 3'703.00 € 4'296.22 USD3'124.15 GBP
2015 3'612.00 € 4'190.64 USD3'047.37 GBP
2014 3'527.00 € 4'092.03 USD2'975.66 GBP
2013 3'449.00 € 4'001.53 USD2'909.85 GBP
2012 3'391.00 € 3'934.24 USD2'860.92 GBP
2011 3'311.00 € 3'841.42 USD2'793.42 GBP

In chart 1 below, based on the data from table 4, you can see the change in the average monthly wage/salary rate before withholding taxes and charges (before tax, or gross) in Germany by year.

Chart 1. Change in average gross salary rate in Germany by year

§ Average net salary in Germany per month (net, clear, after taxes and social charges) in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Table 5 below provides the data on the average net wages/ salaries in Germany by year for a month of full-time work, for the last 10 years by year: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011. These figures are based on the information from the German Federal Office of Statistics; for more information on the statistics provided, see the page above, refer to the article Average gross salary rate in Germany. To calculate the net salary (after taxes and charges), we use the percentage ratio average indicator of net salary to gross salary in Germany making 65%, for details see above on the page.

Table 5: Average net monthly salary rate in Germany, by year, in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Year Monthly salary,
in EUR
Monthly salary,
in US dollars *
Monthly salary,
in pounds sterling *
2020 2'583.75 € 2'997.67 USD2'179.86 GBP
2019 2'596.10 € 3'012.00 USD2'190.28 GBP
2018 2'522.00 € 2'926.02 USD2'127.76 GBP
2017 2'451.15 € 2'843.82 USD2'067.99 GBP
2016 2'406.95 € 2'792.54 USD2'030.70 GBP
2015 2'347.80 € 2'723.92 USD1'980.79 GBP
2014 2'292.55 € 2'659.82 USD1'934.18 GBP
2013 2'241.85 € 2'600.99 USD1'891.40 GBP
2012 2'204.15 € 2'557.25 USD1'859.60 GBP
2011 2'152.15 € 2'496.92 USD1'815.73 GBP

In chart 2 below, based on the data from table 5, you can see the change in the average monthly wage/ salary rate after withholding taxes and charges (after tax or net) in Germany by year.

Chart 2. Change in average net salary rate in Germany by year

§ Average labour costs in Germany

In addition to the average salary rate, the German Federal Office of Statistics reports on the average cost of 1 working hour or labour force for an enterprise. Besides salaries of the employee, enterprises in Germany pay social charges to the responsible agencies. In 2020, this figure makes 37.00 euros. For more information on what amount of social charges an employee and an employer pay from salaries in Germany, see an individual page on our website.

The average cost of 1 working hour or labour force for an enterprise in Germany makes 37.00 € (According to the German Federal Office of Statistics).

Table 6: Average cost of 1 working hour or labour force for an enterprise in Germany as of 2020, in euros, US dollars and pounds sterling

Period of time Amount,
in EUR
Amount,
in US dollars *
Amount,
in pounds sterling *
Annual labour cost 71'040.00 € 82'420.61 USD 59'935.03 GBP
Monthly labour cost 5'920.00 € 6'868.38 USD 4'994.59 GBP
Weekly labour cost 1'480.00 € 1'717.10 USD 1'248.65 GBP
Hourly labour cost 37.00 € 42.93 USD 31.22 GBP

Key to table 6:

To find out the average gross salary and labour cost for European countries go to the corresponding page of our website.



Footnotes:

* The EUR exchange rate in the tables is taken as of 15 october 2021 and amounts to 1.16 USD or 0.84 GBP at the European Central Bank exchange rate. The EUR, USD and GBR exchange rates in Germany


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