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Inflation in Germany in 2021, 2020, inflation rate by year

This page contains information about the inflation rate in Germany by year, as well as detailed information on the changes in prices for various segments/classes of goods and services over the past years. The information is based on the German Federal Office of Statistics data. Below are the statistics for the last 10 years, starting from 2011 through to 2021.

§ German inflation by year, price charts

Chart 1. Change in price level in percentage points
in relation to the previous year

The pattern figures show the prices percentage increase compared to the previous year. For example, in 2020, prices changed by 0.5% compared to 2019. The minimum annual price change was 0.5%, the maximum price change amounted to 2.1% for 1 year in the reporting period.

Chart 2. German Consumer Price Index

The pattern shows the change in the price level relative to 2015, taken as a 100% basis. For example, in 2020, the price index is 105.8, which means that compared to 2015, prices have changed by 5.8%. The minimum value of the price index totalled 95.2, while the maximum value was 105.8.

Table 1 below presents the data from Charts 1 and 2.

Table 1. Price index and annual change in prices relative to the previous year

YearConsumer Price Index
as % to 2015
Price change in relation
to the previous year, as %
201195.22.1
201297.12.0
201398.51.4
201499.51.0
2015100.00.5
2016100.50.5
2017102.01.5
2018103.81.8
2019105.31.4
2020105.80.5

§ German inflation rate in 2021, 2020: monthly price changes

Table 2. Price Index updates by month

YearMonthConsumer Price IndexPrice change VS the same month of the previous year, as %Price change VS the previous month, as %
2021July110.13.80.9
2021June109.12.30.4
2021May108.72.50.5
2021April108.22.00.7
2021March107.51.70.5
2021February107.01.30.7
2021January106.31.00.8
2020December105.5-0.30.5
2020November105.0-0.3-0.8
2020October105.9-0.20.1
2020September105.8-0.2-0.2
2020August106.00.0-0.1

Table 2 presents the consumer price index - this is a change in the price level in relation to 2015, taken as a 100% basis, as well as a change in prices in relation to the same month of the previous year and versus the previous month.

Chart 3. Price updates by month

Pattern 3 features the change in the price index in relation to the same month of the previous year (shown in orange) and in relation to the previous month (shown in green).

§ German Consumer Price Index by group of products and services

The index is calculated as a change in prices relative to 2015, the price level of which is taken as 100%. For example, an index of 110 means that prices have increased by 10% since 2015 for the reporting year 2020.

Table 3.1. Goods and services, the prices for which have increased by more than 10%

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2020
Electricity110.0
Vegetables110.7
Dairy products111.3
Restaurants, cafes112.1
Fish113.4
Fruits113.8
Post/ Mail Services114.1
Meat, meat products/ deli meat114.1
Hairdressing114.3
Car repair and maintenance117.6
Financial services124.0
Newspapers and magazines125.6

Table 3.2. Goods and services, the prices for which have not much changed

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2020
Tools100.0
Doctors services/ Medical services100.0
Vacation packages101.2
Pets102.0
Clothing/ Clothes102.1
Shoes102.5
Dentists services102.8
Alcoholic beverages103.1
Motor transport / Motor-vehicle transport insurance services103.5
Furniture103.9
Home textiles104.1
Musical instruments104.9
Beer105.2
Sports goods105.8
Transport services105.9
Games, toys105.9
Pharmaceutical products106.0
Bicycles106.5
Rental housing106.9
Cars107.8
Jewelry and watches108.7

Table 3.3. Goods and services, the prices for which have become lower

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2020
Phones and other mobile devices77.0
Automotive fuels and lubricants94.1
Telecommunication services94.8
Central heating, hot water96.5
Gas97.0
Household electrical appliances97.2

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