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Inflation in Germany in 2021, 2020, inflation rate by year

This page contains information about the inflation rate in Germany by year, as well as detailed information on the changes in prices for various segments/classes of goods and services over the past years. The information is based on the German Federal Office of Statistics data. Below are the statistics for the last 10 years, starting from 2011 through to 2021.

§ German inflation by year, price charts

Chart 1. Change in price level in percentage points
in relation to the previous year

The pattern figures show the prices percentage increase compared to the previous year. For example, in 2019, prices changed by 1.4% compared to 2018. The minimum annual price change was 0.5%, the maximum price change amounted to 2.1% for 1 year in the reporting period.

Chart 2. German Consumer Price Index

The pattern shows the change in the price level relative to 2015, taken as a 100% basis. For example, in 2019, the price index is 105.3, which means that compared to 2015, prices have changed by 5.3%. The minimum value of the price index totalled 95.2, while the maximum value was 105.3.

Table 1 below presents the data from Charts 1 and 2.

Table 1. Price index and annual change in prices relative to the previous year

YearConsumer Price Index
as % to 2015
Price change in relation
to the previous year, as %
201195.22.1
201297.12.0
201398.51.4
201499.51.0
2015100.00.5
2016100.50.5
2017102.01.5
2018103.81.8
2019105.31.4

§ German inflation rate in 2021, 2020: monthly price changes

Table 2. Price Index updates by month

YearMonthConsumer Price IndexPrice change VS the same month of the previous year, as %Price change VS the previous month, as %
2020June106.60.90.6
2020May106.00.6-0.1
2020April106.10.90.4
2020March105.71.40.1
2020February105.61.70.4
2020January105.21.7-0.6
2019December105.81.50.5
2019November105.31.1-0.8
2019October106.11.10.1
2019September106.01.20.0
2019August106.01.4-0.2
2019July106.21.70.5

Table 2 presents the consumer price index - this is a change in the price level in relation to 2015, taken as a 100% basis, as well as a change in prices in relation to the same month of the previous year and versus the previous month.

Chart 3. Price updates by month

Pattern 3 features the change in the price index in relation to the same month of the previous year (shown in orange) and in relation to the previous month (shown in green).

§ German Consumer Price Index by group of products and services

The index is calculated as a change in prices relative to 2015, the price level of which is taken as 100%. For example, an index of 110 means that prices have increased by 10% since 2015 for the reporting year 2019.

Table 3.1. Goods and services, the prices for which have increased by more than 10%

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2019
Dairy products110.3
Post/ Mail Services110.3
Vegetables111.0
Fish112.0
Car repair and maintenance114.0
Financial services119.2
Newspapers and magazines120.2

Table 3.2. Goods and services, the prices for which have not much changed

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2019
Doctors services/ Medical services100.0
Tools100.8
Pets101.1
Home insurance services102.6
Motor transport / Motor-vehicle transport insurance services102.7
Shoes103.1
Clothing/ Clothes103.1
Furniture103.7
Dentists services103.7
Alcoholic beverages103.7
Home textiles104.1
Automotive fuels and lubricants104.3
Vacation packages104.4
Sports goods104.7
Musical instruments105.1
Bicycles105.4
Rental housing105.5
Pharmaceutical products105.8
Beer106.2
Games, toys106.3
Fruits106.3
Transport services106.3
Electricity106.8
Cars107.0
Jewelry and watches107.5
Meat, meat products/ deli meat107.5
Books109.0

Table 3.3. Goods and services, the prices for which have become lower

Product / Service namePrice Index for 2019
Phones and other mobile devices81.9
Gas95.8
Telecommunication services96.4
Household electrical appliances97.8
Central heating, hot water98.1

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