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German federated state of Berlin: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Berlin: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.


§ Brief overview of the Berlin federated state

Berlin is both a federated state and the largest city in Germany, a favorite place for the implementation of innovative ideas and art. Artists, journalists, writers, architects from around the world are engaged in their creative activities here, in the capital of Germany. By the estimates, people from more than 180 countries of the world live in Berlin; here you can find a wide variety of cultures. Typically, Berliners are considered grouchy people. The Berlin German or Berlin dialect of the German language (in German: Berlinerisch, Berliner Schnauze) is common in Berlin, demonstrating the vocabulary and communication style characteristic of the city.

Berlin is divided into 12 boroughs and neighbourhoods or administrative districts, the list below contains the names of the Berlin boroughs in English / Polish and German,with the most densely populated boroughs coming first.

Boroughs and neighbourhoods or administrative districts of Berlin.

Nr Name of the borough in English / Polish Name of the borough in German
1. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
2. Berlin-Mitte (the first and most central borough of Berlin) Berlin-Mitte
3. Neukölln (New Cologne) Neukölln
4. Tempelhof-Schöneberg Tempelhof-Schöneberg
5. Lichtenberg Lichtenberg
6. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
7. Marzahn-Hellersdorf Marzahn-Hellersdorf
8. Pankow Pankow
9. Steglitz-Zelendorf Steglitz -Zehlendorf
10. Reinickendorf Reinickendorf
11. Spandau Spandau
12. Treptow-Köpenick Treptow-Köpenick

Berlin has one large lake Müggelsee ( in German: Müggelsee) and many small lakes interconnected by canals. Large populations of various animals live in the city: bats, raccoons, foxes, wild boars.

Here is the seat of the German government, many different large companies have branches and representative offices in the city, Berlin is rich in museums and art galleries. Berlin is a favorite place for tourists in Germany; millions of people visit the city every year.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Berlin federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.


§ Population of the Berlin federated state

The population size in Berlin totals 3'574'830 people. Of these, 1'755'700 are men, which is 49.1 % and 1'819'130 are women or 50.9 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Berlin federated state is 4'012 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Berlin federated state occupies 0 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 4 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 1 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Berlin

Like in other parts of the country, Berlin has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2020 the average annual temperature in Berlin was 11.0 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 4.7 °C, and in summer 19.3 °C. The rainfall in 2020 was 511 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Berlin for 1'921 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Berlin German federated state

The capital of the Berlin federated state is the City of Berlin, in German Berlin or Berlin, Stadt, with a population of more than 3'614'000 people.

Show on the map

§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Berlin, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Berlin federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Berlin - -
Federated state type designation, in German Land - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German BE - -
Capital of the federated state Berlin
(нем. Berlin)
- -
Territory, land area 891 km2 0 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 3'574'830 4 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 1'755'700 4 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 1'819'130 4 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 4'012 1'738 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 1 0 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 1 1 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 0 0 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 1 0 % 11'042
Number of cities 1 0 % 2060

§ The Berlin federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Berlin there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Berlin federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Berlin federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Berlin federated state

In the Berlin federated state there are 1 settlements, of which 1 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Berlin federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Berlin
(Capital of the federated state)
Berlin 3'614'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Berlin federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Berlin

§ Berlin on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Berlin on a map of Germany


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