German federated state of Hesse: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more
On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Hesse: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.
§ Brief overview of the Hesse federated state
The federated state of Hesse or Hessia, aka the Land of Hessen is located in the very center of Germany; this federated state is characterized by hilly terrain, forests, hot springs, numerous villages and fortresses. The capital of the land is Wiesbaden. In Frankfurt you can find the largest high-rise buildings, skyscrapers of the country and the largest airport in Germany. In the southern part of the federated state, there is a mild climate area of Bergstrasse (in German: Bergstraße – i.e. "Mountain Road"), where almonds, figs and olive trees are grown.
A major role in the economy of the land is played by the Frankfurt Airport, serving tourists and businesspeople from around the world. More than 200 banks have their branches or head offices here. Besides, large industrial enterprises are located in big cities of this federated state.
§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Hessen federated state
To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.
Bad Camberg: architecture, a town in Hesse
Skyscrapers in Frankfurt
The French style park Orangerie in the City of Darmstadt, in the federated state of Hesse
The Wiesbaden Fountain, Hesse
The Fulda City Cathedral: Fuldaer Dom
The Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe, a landscape mountain park in the City of Kassel
The Frankfurt Airport
§ Population of the Hessen federated state
The population size in Hesse totals 6'213'088 people. Of these, 3'066'957 are men, which is 49.4 % and 3'146'131 are women or 50.6 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Hesse federated state is 294 people per 1 square kilometer.
Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Hesse federated state occupies 6 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 8 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 423 settlements located on the territory of the said land.
§ Climate and weather in Hesse
Like in other parts of the country, Hesse has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2020 the average annual temperature in Hesse was 10.4 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 3.9 °C, and in summer 18.2 °C. The rainfall in 2020 was 657 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Hesse for 1'842 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany
§ Capital of the Hesse German federated state
The capital of the Hesse federated state is the City of Wiesbaden, in German Wiesbaden or Wiesbaden, Landeshauptstadt, with a population of more than 279'000 people.
§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state
Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Hesse, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.
Table 1. Statistical data on the Hessen federated state as of early 2017.
|Descriptor||Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany||Value for the whole of Germany|
|Name in German||Hessen||-||-|
|Federated state type designation, in German||Land||-||-|
|Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German||HE||-||-|
|Capital of the federated state||Wiesbaden |
|Territory, land area||21'115 km2||6 %||357'578 km2|
|The federated state population, all people altogether||6'213'088||8 %||82'521'653|
|The federated state population, men||3'066'957||8 %||40'697'118|
|The federated state population, women||3'146'131||8 %||41'824'535|
|Population density, people per km2||294||127 %||231|
|Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk)||3||16 %||19|
|Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis)||26||6 %||401|
|Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte)||5||5 %||107|
|Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis)||21||7 %||294|
|Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements||423||4 %||11'042|
|Number of cities||191||9 %||2060|
§ The Hesse federated state holidays schedule
Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Hesse there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Hesse federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Hesse federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.
§ Major cities in the Hesse federated state
In the Hessen federated state there are 423 settlements, of which 191 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.
Table 2. Major cities in the Hesse federated state in English and German.
|Nr.||Name of the city||Name of the city in German||Population size, rounded to thousand people|
|1||Frankfurt||Frankfurt am Main||747'000|
(Capital of the federated state)
|5||Offenbach am Main||Offenbach am Main||127'000|
|10||Rüsselsheim am Main||Rüsselsheim am Main||65'000|
|11||Bad Homburg vor der Höhe||Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe||54'000|
|13||Oberursel (Taunus)||Oberursel (Taunus)||47'000|
|17||Hofheim am Taunus||Hofheim am Taunus||40'000|
|19||Langen, Hesse||Langen (Hessen)||38'000|
§ Flag and coat of arms of the Hessen federated state
In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.
§ Hesse on a map of Germany
In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.