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German federated state of Hesse: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Hesse: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.

§ Brief overview of the Hesse federated state

The federated state of Hesse or Hessia, aka the Land of Hessen is located in the very center of Germany; this federated state is characterized by hilly terrain, forests, hot springs, numerous villages and fortresses. The capital of the land is Wiesbaden. In Frankfurt you can find the largest high-rise buildings, skyscrapers of the country and the largest airport in Germany. In the southern part of the federated state, there is a mild climate area of Bergstrasse (in German: Bergstraße – i.e. "Mountain Road"), where almonds, figs and olive trees are grown.

A major role in the economy of the land is played by the Frankfurt Airport, serving tourists and businesspeople from around the world. More than 200 banks have their branches or head offices here. Besides, large industrial enterprises are located in big cities of this federated state.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Hessen federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.

§ Population of the Hessen federated state

The population size in Hesse totals 6'213'088 people. Of these, 3'066'957 are men, which is 49.4 % and 3'146'131 are women or 50.6 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Hesse federated state is 294 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Hesse federated state occupies 6 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 8 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 423 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Hesse

Like in other parts of the country, Hesse has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2023 the average annual temperature in Hesse was 10.7 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 2.9 °C, and in summer 18.5 °C. The rainfall in 2023 was 953 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Hesse for 1'697 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Hesse German federated state

The capital of the Hesse federated state is the City of Wiesbaden, in German Wiesbaden or Wiesbaden, Landeshauptstadt, with a population of more than 284'000 people.

Show on the map

§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Hesse, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Hessen federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Hessen - -
Federated state type designation, in German Land - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German HE - -
Capital of the federated state Wiesbaden
(нем. Wiesbaden)
- -
Territory, land area 21'115 km2 6 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 6'213'088 8 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 3'066'957 8 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 3'146'131 8 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 294 127 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 3 16 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 26 6 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 5 5 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 21 7 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 423 4 % 11'042
Number of cities 191 9 % 2060

§ The Hesse federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Hesse there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Hesse federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Hesse federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Hesse federated state

In the Hessen federated state there are 423 settlements, of which 191 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Hesse federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Frankfurt Frankfurt am Main 774'000
2 Wiesbaden
(Capital of the federated state)
Wiesbaden 284'000
3 Kassel Kassel 205'000
4 Darmstadt Darmstadt 163'000
5 Offenbach am Main Offenbach am Main 135'000
6 Hanau Hanau 102'000
7 Giessen Gießen 95'000
8 Marburg Marburg 78'000
9 Fulda Fulda 70'000
10 Rüsselsheim am Main Rüsselsheim am Main 68'000
11 Bad Homburg vor der Höhe Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe 55'000
12 Wetzlar Wetzlar 55'000
13 Oberursel (Taunus) Oberursel (Taunus) 48'000
14 Rodgau Rodgau 47'000
15 Dreieich Dreieich 43'000
16 Bensheim Bensheim 43'000
17 Hofheim am Taunus Hofheim am Taunus 41'000
18 Maintal Maintal 40'000
19 Neu-Isenburg Neu-Isenburg 40'000
20 Langen, Hesse Langen (Hessen) 40'000
21 Butzbach Butzbach 28'000
22 Gelnhausen Gelnhausen 24'000
23 Büdingen Büdingen 23'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Hessen federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Hesse

§ Hesse on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Hesse on a map of Germany

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