German federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more
On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about North Rhine-Westphalia: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.
§ Brief overview of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state
North Rhine-Westphalia, abbreviated NRW, is the most densely populated federated state in Germany, located in the west of the country. The territory of North Rhine-Westphalia hosts the large German Eifel National Park (in German: Eifel), with an area of more than 10 thousand hectares. The park is home to hundreds of rare species of animals listed in the Red Book. Moreover, in the territory of North Rhine-Westphalia there are numerous mountains and mountainous areas, the most famous of which are: the Rothaar Mountains (in German: Rothaargebirge), the Siebengebirge, occasionally the Sieben Mountains or Seven Mountains, (in German: Siebengebirge), the Egge Hills (in German: Eggegebirge), the Teutoburg Forest (in German: Teutoburger Wald) .
The territory of the federated state contains the Ruhr region, with the cities there located very close to each other and forming one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe. Its mining and processing industries are well developed here; besides, large industrial concerns are located in the said federated state.
§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Nordrhein-Westfalen federated state
To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.
Burg Satzvey on the territory of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state
Düsseldorf is the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia
The City of Düsseldorf
The Effelsberg 100-m Radio Telescope in the vicinity of the town of Bad Münstereifel
The Rothaar Mountains (Rothaargebirge) in North Rhine-Westphalia
The Ruhr region
The Teutoburg Forest
§ Population of the Nordrhein-Westfalen federated state
The population size in North Rhine-Westphalia totals 17'890'100 people. Of these, 8'776'760 are men, which is 49.1 % and 9'113'340 are women or 50.9 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state is 524 people per 1 square kilometer.
Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state occupies 10 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 22 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 396 settlements located on the territory of the said land.
§ Climate and weather in North Rhine-Westphalia
Like in other parts of the country, North Rhine-Westphalia has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2022 the average annual temperature in North Rhine-Westphalia was 11.2 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 4.5 °C, and in summer 19.1 °C. The rainfall in 2022 was 716 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in North Rhine-Westphalia for 1'984 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany
§ Capital of the North Rhine-Westphalia German federated state
The capital of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state is the City of Düsseldorf, in German Düsseldorf or Düsseldorf, Stadt, with a population of more than 618'000 people.
§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state
Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.
Table 1. Statistical data on the Nordrhein-Westfalen federated state as of early 2017.
|Descriptor||Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany||Value for the whole of Germany|
|Name in German||Nordrhein-Westfalen||-||-|
|Federated state type designation, in German||Land||-||-|
|Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German||NW||-||-|
|Capital of the federated state||Düsseldorf
|Territory, land area||34'113 km2||10 %||357'578 km2|
|The federated state population, all people altogether||17'890'100||22 %||82'521'653|
|The federated state population, men||8'776'760||22 %||40'697'118|
|The federated state population, women||9'113'340||22 %||41'824'535|
|Population density, people per km2||524||227 %||231|
|Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk)||5||26 %||19|
|Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis)||53||13 %||401|
|Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte)||22||21 %||107|
|Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis)||31||11 %||294|
|Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements||396||4 %||11'042|
|Number of cities||271||13 %||2060|
§ The North Rhine-Westphalia federated state holidays schedule
Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of North Rhine-Westphalia there are 13 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.
§ Major cities in the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state
In the Nordrhein-Westfalen federated state there are 396 settlements, of which 271 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.
Table 2. Major cities in the North Rhine-Westphalia federated state in English and German.
|Nr.||Name of the city||Name of the city in German||Population size, rounded to thousand people|
(Capital of the federated state)
|18||Mülheim||Mülheim an der Ruhr||172'000|
|26||Bergisch Gladbach||Bergisch Gladbach||112'000|
|35||Bad Berleburg||Bad Berleburg||20'000|
§ Flag and coat of arms of the Nordrhein-Westfalen federated state
In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.
§ North Rhine-Westphalia on a map of Germany
In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.