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German federated state of Rhineland-Palatinate: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Rhineland-Palatinate: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.

§ Brief overview of the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state

The federated state of Rhineland-Palatinate is located in the south-west of Germany, it is covered with dense forests, it has many castles and fortresses (more than 100). The Palatinate Forest (in German: Pfälzerwald), also called the Palatine Forest, located in the southern part of the state, covers an area of about 1800 square kilometers and is the largest forest in Germany. In Rhineland-Palatinate, there is a large wine-producing region of Germany Rheinhessen (in English - often Rhine-Hesse or Rhenish Hesse) (in German: Rheinhessen): it is sunny and warm, therefore not only grapes are grown here, but even figs and citrus trees.

There are also moderately high mountain ranges in Rhineland-Palatinate: the Eifel (in German: Eifel) and the Hunsrück (in German: Hunsrück), in the Hunsrück mountain range there is Mount Erbeskopf (in German: Erbeskopf), 816 meters high, which is the highest mountain in this federated state; and the largest lake in this region is Lake Laach (in German: Laacher See), located in one of the volcanic calderas at an altitude of about 300 meters above the sea level.

The town of Bad Dürkheim (in German: Bad Dürkheim) hosts the world’s largest wine festival, called Wurstmarkt (in German: Wurstmarkt) - (literally: Sausage market). Besides, on the territory of the federated state you can find the world’s highest cold water geysers, with the Andernach Geyser (in German: Geysir Andernach), shooting jets of its cold water in the air at a height of 60 meters.

In Rhineland-Palatinate, winemaking, as well as the cultivation of fruit trees and vegetables, are well developed. This federated state is also known for its world's largest chemical concern and precious stone processing.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Rheinland-Pfalz federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.

§ Population of the Rheinland-Pfalz federated state

The population size in Rhineland-Palatinate totals 4'066'053 people. Of these, 2'006'503 are men, which is 49.3 % and 2'059'550 are women or 50.7 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state is 205 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state occupies 6 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 5 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 2'304 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Rhineland-Palatinate

Like in other parts of the country, Rhineland-Palatinate has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2023 the average annual temperature in Rhineland-Palatinate was 11.1 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 3.4 °C, and in summer 18.9 °C. The rainfall in 2023 was 893 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Rhineland-Palatinate for 1'791 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Rhineland-Palatinate German federated state

The capital of the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state is the City of Mainz, in German Mainz or Mainz, Stadt, with a population of more than 221'000 people.

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§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Rhineland-Palatinate, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Rheinland-Pfalz federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Rheinland-Pfalz - -
Federated state type designation, in German Land - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German RP - -
Capital of the federated state Mainz
(нем. Mainz)
- -
Territory, land area 19'858 km2 6 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 4'066'053 5 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 2'006'503 5 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 2'059'550 5 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 205 89 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 36 9 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 12 11 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 24 8 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 2'304 21 % 11'042
Number of cities 129 6 % 2060

§ The Rhineland-Palatinate federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Rhineland-Palatinate there are 13 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state

In the Rheinland-Pfalz federated state there are 2'304 settlements, of which 129 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Rhineland-Palatinate federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Mainz
(Capital of the federated state)
Mainz 221'000
2 Ludwigshafen Ludwigshafen am Rhein 175'000
3 Koblenz Koblenz 116'000
4 Trier Trier 113'000
5 Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern 102'000
6 Worms Worms 85'000
7 Neuwied Neuwied 66'000
8 Neustadt an der Weinstraße Neustadt an der Weinstraße 54'000
9 Bad Kreuznach Bad Kreuznach 53'000
10 Speyer Speyer 52'000
11 Frankenthal Frankenthal (Pfalz) 50'000
12 Landau Landau in der Pfalz 48'000
13 Pirmasens Pirmasens 41'000
14 Ingelheim am Rhein Ingelheim am Rhein 37'000
15 Zweibrücken Zweibrücken 35'000
16 Andernach Andernach 31'000
17 Idar-Oberstein Idar-Oberstein 29'000
18 Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler 27'000
19 Bingen am Rhein Bingen am Rhein 27'000
20 Germersheim Germersheim 22'000
21 Alzey Alzey 20'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Rheinland-Pfalz federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Rhineland-Palatinate

§ Rhineland-Palatinate on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Rhineland-Palatinate on a map of Germany

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