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German federated state of Saarland: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Saarland: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.


§ Brief overview of the Saarland federated state

The Saarland or Saar federated state of Germany is the smallest state in the country, the area of which is about 1% of the territory of Germany; it is located in the southern part of the country and borders with France and Luxembourg. Saarland is a very sunny and warm region of Germany. This federated state has only one large city Saarbrücken (in German: Saarbrücken), which is the capital of Saar. Most of the population lives in small towns or villages. Saar offers many walking, tourist routes, amounting to about 1,500 kilometers long. There are many forests and several rivers in Saar, including the Blies River and the same-name Saar River, forming the famous Saar bend (in German: Saarschleife), a landmark of the federated state. Besides, on the territory of the federated state you will find the Bostalsee Lake (in German: Bostalsee) and a reservoir near Losheim am See (in German: Losheim am See). Another attraction of Saarland is the Schlossberg sandstone caves (in German: Schlossberghöhlen) on the Hill of Schlossberg (in German: Schlossberg) of the city of Homburg (in German: Homburg); they go to great depths and have a length of more than 5,000 meters being one of the favorite tourists attractions.

Since Saarland is bordered by France, it impacts the lifestyle of this federated state residents: many Saarlanders speak French, their favorite dishes include French traditional cuisine as well.

Most Saarlanders are employed in the engineering, metallurgy and energy industries.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Saarland federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.


§ Population of the Saarland federated state

The population size in Saarland totals 996'651 people. Of these, 489'416 are men, which is 49.1 % and 507'235 are women or 50.9 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Saarland federated state is 388 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Saarland federated state occupies 1 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 1 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 52 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Saarland

Like in other parts of the country, Saarland has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2020 the average annual temperature in Saarland was 11.3 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 4.5 °C, and in summer 18.9 °C. The rainfall in 2020 was 864 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Saarland for 1'960 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Saarland German federated state

The capital of the Saarland federated state is the City of Saarbrücken, in German Saarbrücken or Saarbrücken, Landeshauptstadt, with a population of more than 181'000 people.

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§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Saarland, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Saarland federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Saarland - -
Federated state type designation, in German Land - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German SL - -
Capital of the federated state Saarbrücken
(нем. Saarbrücken)
- -
Territory, land area 2'571 km2 1 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 996'651 1 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 489'416 1 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 507'235 1 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 388 168 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 6 1 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 0 0 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 6 2 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 52 0 % 11'042
Number of cities 17 1 % 2060

§ The Saarland federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Saarland there are 14 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Saarland federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Saarland federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Saarland federated state

In the Saarland federated state there are 52 settlements, of which 17 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Saarland federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Saarbrücken
(Capital of the federated state)
Saarbrücken 181'000
2 Neunkirchen Neunkirchen 47'000
3 Homburg (Saar) Homburg 42'000
4 Völklingen Völklingen 40'000
5 Sankt Ingbert St. Ingbert 36'000
6 Saarlouis Saarlouis 35'000
7 Merzig Merzig 30'000
8 Sankt Wendel St. Wendel 26'000
9 Blieskastel Blieskastel 21'000
10 Dillingen/ Saar Dillingen/ Saar 21'000
11 Lebach Lebach 19'000
12 Püttlingen Püttlingen 19'000
13 Bexbach Bexbach 18'000
14 Sulzbach/ Saar Sulzbach/ Saar 17'000
15 Wadern Wadern 16'000
16 Ottweiler Ottweiler 15'000
17 Friedrichsthal Friedrichsthal 11'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Saarland federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Saarland

§ Saarland on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Saarland on a map of Germany


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