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German federated state of Saxony: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Saxony: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.


§ Brief overview of the Saxony federated state

Saxony is a federated state of Germany, located in the eastern part of the country, bordering on Poland and the Czech Republic; the landscape of the state is mostly flat-bottomed or hilly. The territory of the state contains the Ore Mountains (in German: Erzgebirge), with Fichtelberg as the highest mountain in Saxony, the second highest in the Ore Mountains (in German: Fichtelberg), as well as the Lusatian Highlands or Lusatian Hills and the mountain range (in German: Lausitzer Gebirge) and the Saxon Switzerland or the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, also called the Elbe Sandstone Highlands (in German: Sächsische Schweiz, Elbsandsteingeb) with the beautiful rocks of Bastei and the Bastei Bridge made of sandstone (in German: Basteibrücke) and the Tisa Rocks or Tisa Walls (in German: Tyssaer Wände). In the northeastern part of Saxony there is the Lusatian lignite mining site (in German: Lausitzer Braunkohlerevier) - a brown coal basin. Although coal mining has been decommissioned, there are numerous artificial lakes (in German: Lausitzer Seenland) in this area known as the Lusatian Lake District.

The easternmost town of Germany, located in Saxony - Görlitz (in German: Görlitz), is known for its medieval architecture, some Hollywood films were shot here. Other ancient cities of Saxony are: Dresden and Leipzig.

To date, Saxony is the most economically developed federated state in East Germany with large automotive and electronics companies located there. Saxony is also known for its manufacture of chinaware, clocks and musical instruments.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Sachsen federated state

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§ Population of the Sachsen federated state

The population size in Saxony totals 4'081'783 people. Of these, 2'009'991 are men, which is 49.2 % and 2'071'792 are women or 50.8 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Saxony federated state is 221 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Saxony federated state occupies 5 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 5 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 421 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Saxony

Like in other parts of the country, Saxony has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2020 the average annual temperature in Saxony was 10.3 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 3.9 °C, and in summer 18.5 °C. The rainfall in 2020 was 633 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Saxony for 1'903 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Saxony German federated state

The capital of the Saxony federated state is the City of Dresden, in German Dresden or Dresden, Stadt, with a population of more than 552'000 people.

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§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Saxony, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Sachsen federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Sachsen - -
Federated state type designation, in German Freistaat - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German SN - -
Capital of the federated state Dresden
(нем. Dresden)
- -
Territory, land area 18'450 km2 5 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 4'081'783 5 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 2'009'991 5 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 2'071'792 5 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 221 96 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 13 3 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 3 3 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 10 3 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 421 4 % 11'042
Number of cities 169 8 % 2060

§ The Saxony federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Saxony there are 13 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Saxony federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Saxony federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Saxony federated state

In the Sachsen federated state there are 421 settlements, of which 169 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Saxony federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Leipzig Leipzig 582'000
2 Dresden
(Capital of the federated state)
Dresden 552'000
3 Chemnitz Chemnitz 247'000
4 Zwickau Zwickau 91'000
5 Plauen Plauen 66'000
6 Görlitz Görlitz 57'000
7 Freiberg Freiberg 42'000
8 Bautzen Bautzen 40'000
9 Freital Freital 40'000
10 Pirna Pirna 39'000
11 Radebeul Radebeul 34'000
12 Hoyerswerda Hoyerswerda 34'000
13 Riesa Riesa 31'000
14 Grimma Grimma 29'000
15 Meissen Meißen 29'000
16 Zittau Zittau 26'000
17 Delitzsch Delitzsch 25'000
18 Markkleeberg Markkleeberg 25'000
19 Limbach-Oberfrohna Limbach-Oberfrohna 25'000
20 Döbeln Döbeln 24'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Sachsen federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Saxony

§ Saxony on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Saxony on a map of Germany


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