German federated state of Thuringia: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more
On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Thuringia: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.
§ Brief overview of the Thuringia federated state
Thuringia is a federated state located in the central part of Germany, previously it used to belong to the lands of East Germany, the German Democratic Republic (the GDR). In Thuringia there are three large cities: Jena (in German: Jena), Gera (in German: Gera), and Erfurt (in German: Erfurt), the capital of this federated state. Erfurt's symbol is the Merchants' bridge (in German: Krämerbrücke), the only one in Germany, lined with buildings on either side. Weimar (in German: Weimar) is another well-known ancient town in Thuringia.
In the north of the federated state there are moderately high mountains, the Kyffhäuser wooded hill range (in German: Kyffhäuser), and the large deciduous forest of the Hainich National Park (in German: Hainich). Hainich is the largest primeval forest in Germany, undisturbed by humans, inhabited by wildcats, bats and many other animals. In the southern part of Thuringia there is a moderately high mountain range known as the Thuringian Forest (in German: Thüringer Wald), also referred to as the Green Heart of Germany, the highest elevation of which is located at an altitude of about 1000 meters above the sea level. Hiking routes have been laid out in the Thuringian Forest for travel, the most famous of which is the 170 km long Rennsteig recreational trail (in German: Rennsteig), starting in the town of Eisenach (in German: Eisenach). The south-west of Thuringia is home to Germany's largest reservoir, the Bleilochtalsperre (in German: Bleilochtalsperre).
Many famous people lived in Thuringia, for example: Martin Luther, Johann Sebastian Bach, Friedrich Schiller, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and others.
Tourism plays an important role in the economy of the federated state; many large firms have branches in Erfurt and Jena, the latter being one of the largest cultural and scientific centers of the country.
§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Thüringen federated state
To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.
The Erfurt Cathedral (in German: Erfurter Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Marien zu Erfurt, in English: Cathedral Church of St. Mary at Erfurt), also known as St. Mary's Cathedral
Jena, night view
The Thuringian Forest (in German: Thüringer Wald), also referred to as the Green Heart of Germany
The Wartburg Castle, Thuringia
The Post Office building in the Town of Bad Liebenstein
The Deutsche Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle Weimar (DNT) - the German National Theater in Weimar
The canopy walkway, also referred to as the treetop walkway and the tower in the Forest of Hainich, Thuringia
§ Population of the Thüringen federated state
The population size in Thuringia totals 2'158'128 people. Of these, 1'067'878 are men, which is 49.5 % and 1'090'250 are women or 50.5 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Thuringia federated state is 133 people per 1 square kilometer.
Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Thuringia federated state occupies 5 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 3 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 849 settlements located on the territory of the said land.
§ Climate and weather in Thuringia
Like in other parts of the country, Thuringia has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2021 the average annual temperature in Thuringia was 8.5 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 0.8 °C, and in summer 17.4 °C. The rainfall in 2021 was 755 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Thuringia for 1'523 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany
§ Capital of the Thuringia German federated state
The capital of the Thuringia federated state is the City of Erfurt, in German Erfurt or Erfurt, Stadt, with a population of more than 213'000 people.
§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state
Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Thuringia, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.
Table 1. Statistical data on the Thüringen federated state as of early 2017.
|Descriptor||Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany||Value for the whole of Germany|
|Name in German||Thüringen||-||-|
|Federated state type designation, in German||Freistaat||-||-|
|Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German||TH||-||-|
|Capital of the federated state||Erfurt
|Territory, land area||16'202 km2||5 %||357'578 km2|
|The federated state population, all people altogether||2'158'128||3 %||82'521'653|
|The federated state population, men||1'067'878||3 %||40'697'118|
|The federated state population, women||1'090'250||3 %||41'824'535|
|Population density, people per km2||133||58 %||231|
|Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk)||0||0 %||19|
|Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis)||23||6 %||401|
|Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte)||6||6 %||107|
|Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis)||17||6 %||294|
|Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements||849||8 %||11'042|
|Number of cities||126||6 %||2060|
§ The Thuringia federated state holidays schedule
Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Thuringia there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Thuringia federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Thuringia federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.
§ Major cities in the Thuringia federated state
In the Thüringen federated state there are 849 settlements, of which 126 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.
Table 2. Major cities in the Thuringia federated state in English and German.
|Nr.||Name of the city||Name of the city in German||Population size, rounded to thousand people|
(Capital of the federated state)
§ Flag and coat of arms of the Thüringen federated state
In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.
§ Thuringia on a map of Germany
In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.