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German federated state of Thuringia: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Thuringia: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.


§ Brief overview of the Thuringia federated state

Thuringia is a federated state located in the central part of Germany, previously it used to belong to the lands of East Germany, the German Democratic Republic (the GDR). In Thuringia there are three large cities: Jena (in German: Jena), Gera (in German: Gera), and Erfurt (in German: Erfurt), the capital of this federated state. Erfurt's symbol is the Merchants' bridge (in German: Krämerbrücke), the only one in Germany, lined with buildings on either side. Weimar (in German: Weimar) is another well-known ancient town in Thuringia.

In the north of the federated state there are moderately high mountains, the Kyffhäuser wooded hill range (in German: Kyffhäuser), and the large deciduous forest of the Hainich National Park (in German: Hainich). Hainich is the largest primeval forest in Germany, undisturbed by humans, inhabited by wildcats, bats and many other animals. In the southern part of Thuringia there is a moderately high mountain range known as the Thuringian Forest (in German: Thüringer Wald), also referred to as the Green Heart of Germany, the highest elevation of which is located at an altitude of about 1000 meters above the sea level. Hiking routes have been laid out in the Thuringian Forest for travel, the most famous of which is the 170 km long Rennsteig recreational trail (in German: Rennsteig), starting in the town of Eisenach (in German: Eisenach). The south-west of Thuringia is home to Germany's largest reservoir, the Bleilochtalsperre (in German: Bleilochtalsperre).

Many famous people lived in Thuringia, for example: Martin Luther, Johann Sebastian Bach, Friedrich Schiller, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and others.

Tourism plays an important role in the economy of the federated state; many large firms have branches in Erfurt and Jena, the latter being one of the largest cultural and scientific centers of the country.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Thüringen federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.


§ Population of the Thüringen federated state

The population size in Thuringia totals 2'158'128 people. Of these, 1'067'878 are men, which is 49.5 % and 1'090'250 are women or 50.5 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Thuringia federated state is 133 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Thuringia federated state occupies 5 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 3 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 849 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Thuringia

Like in other parts of the country, Thuringia has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2020 the average annual temperature in Thuringia was 9.9 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 3.6 °C, and in summer 17.8 °C. The rainfall in 2020 was 658 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Thuringia for 1'838 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Thuringia German federated state

The capital of the Thuringia federated state is the City of Erfurt, in German Erfurt or Erfurt, Stadt, with a population of more than 213'000 people.

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§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Thuringia, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Thüringen federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Thüringen - -
Federated state type designation, in German Freistaat - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German TH - -
Capital of the federated state Erfurt
(нем. Erfurt)
- -
Territory, land area 16'202 km2 5 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 2'158'128 3 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 1'067'878 3 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 1'090'250 3 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 133 58 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 23 6 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 6 6 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 17 6 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 849 8 % 11'042
Number of cities 126 6 % 2060

§ The Thuringia federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Thuringia there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Thuringia federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Thuringia federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Thuringia federated state

In the Thüringen federated state there are 849 settlements, of which 126 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Thuringia federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Erfurt
(Capital of the federated state)
Erfurt 213'000
2 Jena Jena 112'000
3 Gera Gera 95'000
4 Weimar Weimar 65'000
5 Gotha Gotha 46'000
6 Eisenach Eisenach 43'000
7 Nordhausen Nordhausen 43'000
8 Suhl Suhl 36'000
9 Mühlhausen Mühlhausen/Thüringen 34'000
10 Altenburg Altenburg 33'000
11 Ilmenau Ilmenau 26'000
12 Saalfeld Saalfeld/Saale 25'000
13 Arnstadt Arnstadt 25'000
14 Sonneberg Sonneberg 24'000
15 Rudolstadt Rudolstadt 23'000
16 Apolda Apolda 23'000
17 Sondershausen Sondershausen 22'000
18 Meiningen Meiningen 22'000
19 Greiz Greiz 21'000
20 Schmalkalden Schmalkalden 20'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Thüringen federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Thuringia

§ Thuringia on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Thuringia on a map of Germany


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