Glossary of German concepts and terms RU-GELD.DE
§ Work in Germany Aktivierungs- und Vermittlungsgutschein A voucher meant to pay for the services of a private intermediary for employment
Anerkennung einer ausländischen Qualifikation Foreign qualifications recognition. The process of comparing and possibly equating the qualifications obtained abroad with similar qualifications in Germany
Anschreiben A cover letter, usually attached to a job search résumé
Arbeitsamt A labour exchange or employment agency in Germany, deals with employment assistance as well as benefits for job seekers ALG-I
Arbeitsunfähigkeitsbescheinigung A sick leave in Germany - terms and obligations of the employee to provide a medical note issued by a doctor
Arbeitsvermittler A person in the public service as an employee of an employment agency or an employee of a private company or an entrepreneur engaged in employment assistance
Arbeitszeugnis Issued by the employer at the request of the employee in certain cases, as well as upon dismissal from work
Aufenthaltserlaubnis The document granting the right to stay in Germany
Aufenthaltsrecht The right to stay in Germany for foreigners who do not have citizenship in Germany
BAMF The main government agency in Germany, which organizes consultations and support for migrants
Bewerbung A job seeker's offer to take a job offered by the company, a résumé
Bildungsurlaub A leave taken for the purpose of education or professional development
BiZ The vocational guidance centre of the Employment Agency, provides up-to-date information on education, professions, the labour market in Germany
Blaue Karte EU The document authorizing a stay and work in Germany, is usually issued for a period of 4 years
Eingliederungszuschuss Grants to employers for hiring, finding a job for an unemployed, if their integration at the workplace is associated with certain difficulties
Erlaubnis zum Daueraufenthalt-EU The European Union long-term residence permit.
Initiativbewerbung Résumés sent to businesses that have not advertised for a vacancy
Jobcenter Institutions established by the Federal Employment Agency and municipal authorities with the aim of assisting in finding employment and financial support for job seekers.
Jobmesse Job fairs or career fairs - events held in many cities in Germany, in which various enterprises participate to search for qualified personnel or young people starting their careers.
Jobsharing A working time model under which two or more employees share the same workplace
Kurzarbeitergeld A compensation, when transferring an employee to part-time work
Lebenslauf A personal history report, biography, CV
Microjob Fulfilment of minor assignments via the Internet for money using a computer, tablet or smartphone
Mindestlohn The German law sets a minimum wage for 1 hour of work
Minijob, Geringfügige Beschäftigung A workplace where the payment does not exceed the statutory standard (as of this writing - 450 euros per month).
Niederlassungserlaubnis The document granting the right to permanent residence and work in Germany
Online Jobbörse Websites featuring job postings.
Otto Benecke Stiftung The Otto Beneke Higher Education Guarantee Fund
Personalvermittler A person or company engaged in the employment of workers for suitable jobs, receiving a fee from the employer in the event of a contract
Probezeit The probationary period for new employees at the enterprise established by the employment contract or the legislation.
Reglementierte Berufe Regulated trades. Professions for which you need to have a certain level of qualification and the German language proficiency
Sabbatical / Sabbatjahr A working time schedule with an extended leave (sabbatical) provision
Sozialversicherungsausweis The most important document in Germany, which is required for an official job placement, is issued by the German Pension Fund
Steueridentifikationsnummer The identification number that every taxpayer in Germany receives
Urlaubsbescheinigung A certificate of leave from the previous place of work about the leave used in the current year
Zeitarbeitsfirma Agencies that hire individuals and then assign them to temporary jobs in other firms
Zentralstelle für ausländisches Bildungswesen The German Central Office for Foreign Education
§ Studying in Germany BAföG The title of an education promotion act and the title of an education grant
Bildungsgutschein State support for retraining or advanced training and education
Job Shadowing A practical training model under which a student spends several days at a firm in order to observe the working process
Pflegeversicherung One of the mandatory insurances in Germany for the case of need for constant care (nursing), for example, due to illness or injury.
Tutor A tutor, a student assistant and organizer at a student dormitory elected by voting.
§ Social insurance, benefits Arbeitslosengeld I Basic unemployment benefit in Germany
Arbeitslosengeld II Benefit for the unemployed, providing a living wage
Asylberechtigte Foreigners granted asylum in Germany, refugees
Deutsche Rentenversicherung State pension insurance in Germany, as part of the country's social insurance system
Einstiegsgeld Grants for start-up entrepreneurs or when resuming employment by the recipient of ALG-II
Elterngeld Financial assistance in raising a child, parental allowance
Erwerbsminderungsrenten Pension paid to a person before reaching retirement age due to disability.
Grundsicherung The basic social financial benefit in Germany
Kindergeld Basic child benefit in Germany
Kinderzuschlag Child subsidies for families whose budget is below the subsistence level
Leistungen für Bildung und Teilhabe Payments for children for education and participation in extracurricular activities
Mutterschaftsgeld Maternity allowance for young mothers during maternity leave
Pension, Ruhegehalt A special type of pension in Germany for civil servants
Regelsatz Benefit rates by the social assistance category
Rente Pension in Germany
Sozialgesetzbuch, SGB The main document regulating the right to receive benefits in Germany
Sozialversicherungsausweis A card issued in Germany to all participants in the social insurance system
Unterhaltsvorschuss Allowance for single parents whose children do not receive alimony
Wohngeld A supplementary allowance for rental housing or to the property owner for the maintenance of housing
§ Business Crowdfunding The practice of funding by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people
Gründungszuschuss German start-up subsidy, ALG-I recipients
§ Purchases, shopping CE Mark The "CE" marking is a conformity certification mark on the labels of various products in Germany
Verbraucherpreisindex Shows the change in prices for all goods and services that individuals buy for consumer needs. The change in the consumer price index in relation to the previous year is colloquially called inflation.
WSV Dates / terms and descriptions of winter sales in Germany
§ Holidays, special days § Miscellaneous Global Slavery Index An indicator of the slavery level in the country by the Walk Free Foundation, which is fighting to end modern slavery
iSi An international safety indicator.