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Average and minimum salaries in Europe: wages levels for the EU countries and some other countries of the world, salary tables for 2021

This page provides information on average and minimum wages, minimum wage (minimum living wage, subsistence wage), for the countries of the European Union (european countries). In the statistical tables and diagrams further on the page you will find the data on salaries paid per year or per month net and gross. In addition, in the comments you will find information on other countries of the world.


§ Minimum salary in Europe, by the European Union countries

The information on the minimum monthly salary in Europe presented in table 1 is based on the data of the Eurostat European Union Statistics Service, located in Luxembourg. The minimum salaries in Europe are usually stipulated by the legislation of the countries and apply to all or almost all workers in the country. Although different countries set the minimum salary per 1 hour, day, week or month of work, the following table offers the data in terms of the equivalent amount of the minimum monthly salary.

The following European Union countries have a minimum salary (minimum living wage, subsistence wage): Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain.

However, the following 6 EU countries do not have a countrywide minimum wage, yet, they either have the minimum wage laws for certain professions, or the minimum wages are determined by the industry collective agreements: Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden.

Table 1: The minimum salary (minimum living wage, subsistence wage) in Europe as of 2020

Nr. EU Country Abbr. Minimum salary per month, euro Minimum salary per month, US dollars * Minimum salary per month, pounds sterling *
1 Austria AT - --
2 Belgium BE 1'593.81 € 1'914.00 USD1'375.00 GBP
3 Bulgaria BG 311.89 € 375.00 USD270.00 GBP
4 Croatia HR 546.07 € 656.00 USD471.00 GBP
5 Cyprus CY - --
6 Czech Republic CZ 574.62 € 690.00 USD496.00 GBP
7 Denmark DK - --
8 Estonia EE 584.00 € 702.00 USD504.00 GBP
9 Finland FI - --
10 France FR 1'539.42 € 1'849.00 USD1'328.00 GBP
11 Germany DE 1'584.00 € 1'902.00 USD1'367.00 GBP
12 Greece GR 758.33 € 911.00 USD655.00 GBP
13 Hungary HU 487.10 € 585.00 USD421.00 GBP
14 Ireland IE 1'656.20 € 1'989.00 USD1'429.00 GBP
15 Italy IT - --
16 Latvia LV 430.00 € 517.00 USD371.00 GBP
17 Lithuania LT 607.00 € 729.00 USD524.00 GBP
18 Luxembourg LU 2'141.99 € 2'572.00 USD1'848.00 GBP
19 Malta MT 777.10 € 934.00 USD671.00 GBP
20 Netherlands NL 1'635.60 € 1'964.00 USD1'411.00 GBP
21 Poland PL 610.79 € 734.00 USD527.00 GBP
22 Portugal PT 740.83 € 890.00 USD639.00 GBP
23 Romania RO 466.23 € 560.00 USD403.00 GBP
24 Slovak Republic SK 580.00 € 697.00 USD501.00 GBP
25 Slovenia SI 940.58 € 1'130.00 USD812.00 GBP
26 Spain ES 1'050.00 € 1'261.00 USD906.00 GBP
27 Sweden SE - --

Chart 1 below shows the minimum wage in Europe for comparison. For the reference letter of the country in the chart, see table 1.

Chart 1. Comparison of the minimum salary rates in the EU countries

As can be seen in chart 1, the minimum salary in the European Union widely varies from country to country: Bulgaria has a minimum subsistence wage of 311.89 €, and Luxembourg has a maximum subsistence wage of 2'141.99 €. However, note that the statistics do not take into account a number of countries where the minimum salary is determined by collective bargaining agreements rather than by the government.

§ Average gross salary (total wages and salaries) in Europe for the countries of the European Union

The following information on average gross salaries in Europe is based on the data of the Eurostat European Union Statistics Service. The calculation is based on the data on the cost of working time for enterprises in the European Union as of 2019. In table 2 you will find the information about the average cost of 1 hour of working time for the company (total wages and salaries), gross salary per month, which includes taxes and social charges paid by the employee, and is calculated at the rate of 160 working hours per month. The data are taken for the private (non-public) sector of the economy, industry, construction, and services.

Table 2: Cost of working time, average gross salaries by the EU countries

(an example of a net salary in Germany can be found on the page:
German payroll taxes, net salary)

Nr. EU Country Abbr. Cost of 1 hour Monthly gross salary, euros Monthly gross salary, US dollars *
1 Austria AT 25.50 € 4'080.00 € 4'899.00 USD
2 Belgium BE 31.20 € 4'992.00 € 5'994.00 USD
3 Bulgaria BG 5.00 € 800.00 € 961.00 USD
4 Croatia HR 9.50 € 1'520.00 € 1'826.00 USD
5 Cyprus CY 14.10 € 2'256.00 € 2'709.00 USD
6 Czech Republic CZ 9.90 € 1'584.00 € 1'902.00 USD
7 Denmark DK 38.30 € 6'128.00 € 7'358.00 USD
8 Estonia EE 9.90 € 1'584.00 € 1'902.00 USD
9 Finland FI 27.00 € 4'320.00 € 5'188.00 USD
10 France FR 24.60 € 3'936.00 € 4'726.00 USD
11 Germany DE 27.70 € 4'432.00 € 5'322.00 USD
12 Greece GR 12.80 € 2'048.00 € 2'460.00 USD
13 Hungary HU 7.90 € 1'264.00 € 1'518.00 USD
14 Ireland IE 28.00 € 4'480.00 € 5'380.00 USD
15 Italy IT 20.50 € 3'280.00 € 3'939.00 USD
16 Latvia LV 7.80 € 1'248.00 € 1'499.00 USD
17 Lithuania LT 8.80 € 1'408.00 € 1'691.00 USD
18 Luxembourg LU 36.90 € 5'904.00 € 7'089.00 USD
19 Malta MT 14.10 € 2'256.00 € 2'709.00 USD
20 Netherlands NL 27.80 € 4'448.00 € 5'341.00 USD
21 Poland PL 8.70 € 1'392.00 € 1'672.00 USD
22 Portugal PT 11.60 € 1'856.00 € 2'229.00 USD
23 Romania RO - - -
24 Slovak Republic SK 9.20 € 1'472.00 € 1'768.00 USD
25 Slovenia SI 16.00 € 2'560.00 € 3'074.00 USD
26 Spain ES 16.20 € 2'592.00 € 3'113.00 USD
27 Sweden SE 24.60 € 3'936.00 € 4'726.00 USD

Chart 2 below shows the average gross wages in Europe for comparison. For the reference letter of the country in the chart, see table 2.

Chart 2. Comparison of the average salary rates in the EU countries

As can be seen in chart 1, the average wage rates in the European Union widely vary from country to country: Bulgaria has a minimum average gross wage 5.00 €, while Denmark has a maximum average gross wage of 38.30 €.

The average and minimum salary in Germany, influencing factors, increase - see detailed information on our website

Footnotes:

* The EUR exchange rate in the tables is taken as of 21 april 2021 and amounts to 1.20 USD or 0.86 GBP at the European Central Bank exchange rate. The EUR, USD and GBR exchange rates in Germany


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