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German federated state of Brandenburg: characteristics, population, photos, major cities, climate, map and much more

On this page you will find interesting information, statistics about Brandenburg: major cities and the capital of the federated state, population, map, climate and weather, flag, coat of arms, photos of sightseeing attractions, ZIP code, phone codes and much more.

§ Brief overview of the Brandenburg federated state

Brandenburg is Germany’s federated state being large in territory, but thinly populated, its cities are few in number, while the forests, lakes and rivers are many. There are more than 3000 lakes there; the forests of Brandenburg are home to rare species of animals and birds, for example, Great Bustard (in German: Großtrappe), as well as to rare plants growing there. The world famous Spreewald (the Spree Forest) (in German: Spreewald) is a nature reserve, a favorite attraction for tourists, where, in the region of Lower Lusatia, there live the representatives of the Lusatian-Sorbian ethnic group, Sorbs (aka the Lusatians and Wends) (in German: Sorben).

Most of the industrial enterprises and factories of this federated state are located near Berlin, artificial materials production and trains manufacture among them. Forestry, tourism and electric-power production are also important for the economy of this federated state.

§ Photos of the sightseeing attractions in the Brandenburg federated state

To enlarge and view the picture, click on it pressing the mouse button.

§ Population of the Brandenburg federated state

The population size in Brandenburg totals 2'494'648 people. Of these, 1'231'683 are men, which is 49.4 % and 1'262'965 are women or 50.6 % of the whole federated state population. The population density of the Brandenburg federated state is 84 people per 1 square kilometer.

Based on the data in Table 1 (see below on the page), the Brandenburg federated state occupies 8 % of the entire territory of Germany, which is home to 3 % of the population of the entire country, they live in 417 settlements located on the territory of the said land.

§ Climate and weather in Brandenburg

Like in other parts of the country, Brandenburg has a temperate climate with warm summers and relatively warm winters. According to the German Weather Service (aka the German Meteorological Service) (in German: DWD), in 2023 the average annual temperature in Brandenburg was 10.9 degrees Celsius, while in winter the air temperature was on average 2.9 °C, and in summer 19.1 °C. The rainfall in 2023 was 723 l/m2, and the sun shone that year in Brandenburg for 1'753 hours. Click here for more information about the Climate of Germany

§ Capital of the Brandenburg German federated state

The capital of the Brandenburg federated state is the City of Potsdam, in German Potsdam or Potsdam, Stadt, with a population of more than 186'000 people.

Show on the map

§ Statistics, essential data about the federated state

Table 1 below presents statistics as to the data for the federated state of Brandenburg, as well as indicators for the whole of Germany for comparison. Besides, from Table 1, you will learn the percentage ratio of the indicator for the federated state to the indicator for the whole of Germany.

Table 1. Statistical data on the Brandenburg federated state as of early 2017.

Descriptor Value as to the federated state and its percentage ratio to the indicator for the whole of Germany Value for the whole of Germany
Name in German Brandenburg - -
Federated state type designation, in German Land - -
Abbreviation (code) of the federated state, in German BB - -
Capital of the federated state Potsdam
(нем. Potsdam)
- -
Territory, land area 29'654 km2 8 % 357'578 km2
The federated state population, all people altogether 2'494'648 3 % 82'521'653
The federated state population, men 1'231'683 3 % 40'697'118
The federated state population, women 1'262'965 3 % 41'824'535
Population density, people per km2 84 36 % 231
Number of administrative districts (in Ger .: Bezirk) 0 0 % 19
Number of counties (in Ger.: Kreis) 18 4 % 401
Number of cities of regional subordinance, i.e. district-free cities or urban districts (in Ger.: kreisfreie Städte) 4 4 % 107
Number of the federated state rural districts (in Ger.: Landkreis) 14 5 % 294
Number of municipalities (in Ger.: Gemeinde), i.e. localities or settlements 417 4 % 11'042
Number of cities 113 5 % 2060

§ The Brandenburg federated state holidays schedule

Every federated state in Germany has the right to establish holidays, days off from work, which are valid on their territory. On the territory of Brandenburg there are 12 official holidays. A detailed calendar of the Brandenburg federated state public holidays can be found on a dedicated page of our website. The school vacations schedule of the Brandenburg federated state is also established by a decision of the local government distinct from other German federated states.

§ Major cities in the Brandenburg federated state

In the Brandenburg federated state there are 417 settlements, of which 113 are cities. Table 2 below contains a list of major, large cities in the said federated state.

Table 2. Major cities in the Brandenburg federated state in English and German.

Nr. Name of the city Name of the city in German Population size, rounded to thousand people
1 Potsdam
(Capital of the federated state)
Potsdam 186'000
2 Cottbus Cottbus 100'000
3 Brandenburg an der Havel Brandenburg an der Havel 74'000
4 Frankfurt (Oder) Frankfurt (Oder) 59'000
5 Oranienburg Oranienburg 48'000
6 Falkensee Falkensee 45'000
7 Bernau bei Berlin Bernau bei Berlin 44'000
8 Eberswalde Eberswalde 42'000
9 Königs Wusterhausen Königs Wusterhausen 39'000
10 Schwedt Schwedt/Oder 34'000
11 Fürstenwalde Fürstenwalde/Spree 33'000
12 Neuruppin Neuruppin 32'000
13 Ludwigsfelde Ludwigsfelde 29'000
14 Teltow Teltow 28'000
15 Strausberg Strausberg 28'000
16 Hohen Neuendorf Hohen Neuendorf 28'000
17 Werder (Havel) Werder (Havel) 28'000
18 Hennigsdorf Hennigsdorf 27'000
19 Rathenow Rathenow 25'000
20 Eisenhüttenstadt Eisenhüttenstadt 25'000
21 Spremberg Spremberg 22'000
22 Nauen Nauen 20'000
23 Templin Templin 16'000
24 Wittstock Wittstock/Dosse 15'000
25 Angermünde Angermünde 14'000
26 Zehdenick Zehdenick 14'000
27 Bad Belzig Bad Belzig 12'000
28 Luckau Luckau 10'000
29 Rheinsberg Rheinsberg 8'000
30 Kremmen Kremmen 8'000
31 Treuenbrietzen Treuenbrietzen 8'000
32 Fürstenberg/Havel Fürstenberg/Havel 6'000
33 Baruth/Mark Baruth/Mark 5'000

§ Flag and coat of arms of the Brandenburg federated state

In the picture below, you can see the flag or flag / coat of arms of the federated state.

Flag and coat of arms of the Brandenburg

§ Brandenburg on a map of Germany

In the picture below, you can see the location of the federated state and its capital on a map of Germany. Map of all the federated states of Germany and their capitals.

Brandenburg on a map of Germany

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