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The average temperature in Germany by year, the temperature by federated state


§ Air temperature in Germany

In 2020 the average air temperature in Germany made 10.4 degrees Celsius.

The average air temperature in Germany in 2020: 10.4 °C

§ Average air temperature in Germany by month of the year

The table below presents the average air temperatures in Germany by month as of 2020.

Table 1. Average air temperatures in Germany by month as of 2020.

Month of temperature measurement Average temperature, degrees Celcius
January3.5 °C
February5.3 °C
March5.3 °C
April10.4 °C
May11.9 °C
June16.9 °C
July17.7 °C
August20.0 °C
September14.8 °C
October10.2 °C
November6.2 °C
December3.1 °C

As can be seen from Table 1, the highest average air temperature was in the month of august and amounted to 20.0 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature was in the month of december and amounted to 3.1 degrees Celsius.

Chart 1. Monthly change in average temperatures in Germany

§ Change in the average air temperature in Germany by year

Table 2 offered below features the average air temperatures in Germany by year over the past 10 years.

Table 2. Average air temperatures in Germany by year.

Year of temperature measurement Average annual temperature,
degrees Celsius
Average winter temperature,
degrees Celsius
Average summer temperature,
degrees Celsius
2011 9.6 °C -0.6 °C 16.8 °C
2012 9.1 °C 1.1 °C 17.1 °C
2013 8.7 °C 0.3 °C 17.7 °C
2014 10.3 °C 3.3 °C 17.1 °C
2015 9.9 °C 1.9 °C 18.4 °C
2016 9.5 °C 3.6 °C 17.8 °C
2017 9.6 °C 1.0 °C 17.9 °C
2018 10.5 °C 1.5 °C 19.3 °C
2019 10.3 °C 2.8 °C 19.3 °C
2020 10.4 °C 4.2 °C 18.2 °C

As can be seen from Table 2, over the past 10 years, the highest average air temperature was observed in 2018 and amounted to 10.5 degrees Celsius. The lowest air temperature was observed in 2013 and amounted to 8.7 degrees Celsius.

Chart 2. Change in the average air temperature in Germany by year

§ Average air temperatures in Germany by federated state

In 2020, in Germany, the maximum average air temperature was observed in the federated state of Saarland and amounted to 11.26 degrees Celsius. The minimum average air temperature was observed in the federated state of Bavaria and amounted to 9.48 degrees Celsius.

Table 3. Average air temperatures in Germany by federated state as of 2020.

Federated state Average annual air temperature,
degrees Celsius
Average winter temperature,
degrees Celsius
Average summer temperature,
degrees Celsius
Bavaria 9.5 °C 2.6 °C 17.6 °C
Thuringia 9.9 °C 3.6 °C 17.8 °C
Baden-Württemberg 10.2 °C 3.6 °C 18.1 °C
Saxony 10.3 °C 3.9 °C 18.5 °C
Hesse 10.4 °C 3.9 °C 18.2 °C
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 10.4 °C 4.8 °C 17.9 °C
Schleswig-Holstein 10.5 °C 5.3 °C 17.4 °C
Lower Saxony 10.9 °C 5.3 °C 18.1 °C
Bremen 10.9 °C 5.3 °C 18.1 °C
Hamburg 10.9 °C 5.3 °C 18.1 °C
Brandenburg 10.9 °C 4.7 °C 19.2 °C
Berlin 11.0 °C 4.7 °C 19.3 °C
Rhineland-Palatinate 11.0 °C 4.3 °C 18.6 °C
Saxony-Anhalt 11.0 °C 4.8 °C 19.1 °C
North Rhine-Westphalia 11.1 °C 5.2 °C 18.3 °C
Saarland 11.3 °C 4.5 °C 18.9 °C

Average air temperatures in Germany by federated state as of 2020.

Average  air temperatures in Germany

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