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The average annual rainfall in Germany by year and region, as well as rainfall by month and season: winter, summer, spring, and autumn


§ Annual rainfall in Germany

According to the German Meteorological Service, aka the German Weather Service (DWD), in 2021, the annual rainfall in Germany amounted to 801 l/m2 (liters per square meter or millimeters), which means that, on average, per year throughout the country 801 liters of liquid precipitation or water fell per square meter.

Annual rainfall in Germany in 2021: 801 l/m2

§ How is rainfall measured and estimated?

In Germany, the amount of rainfall is indicated in liters per square meter (l/m2), which exactly corresponds to millimeters of precipitation (mm). This value means the amount of precipitation in the liquid state over a certain period of time, for example, year, season, month, etc. The annual precipitation includes: rain, snow, rain and snow mixed, as well as hail, dew and fog; before the measurement, precipitation is reduced to the liquid state and then measured, so, the precipitation indicator is essentially the number of liters of water per square meter.

To estimate the amount of precipitation, whether it is large or small, whether it means a drought or a flood, it is required to compare this indicator with the average value by year, month or region. Table 1 below shows the averaged precipitation values characteristic of different regions or latitudes of the Earth:

Table 1. Precipitation by region of the Earth.

Amount of precipitation, mm or l/m2 Region of the Earth
from 1000 up to 2000 equator
from 500 up to 1000 temperate latitudes, incl. Germany
from 300 up to 500 tropics
from 100 up to 200 polar latitudes
below 100 deserts

Learn more about the climate belts, climatic zones and their types in Germany and on the Planet.

§ Precipitation in Germany by month

This Table 2 features the amount of precipitation accumulated in the space of one month in Germany, by month as of 2021.

Table 2. Monthly rainfall in Germany, by month as of 2021.

Rainfall measurement month Amount of rainfall,
mm or l/m2
January80.2
February48.9
March46.0
April34.7
May94.9
June95.4
July107.2
August102.5
September35.3
October44.8
November49.7
December61.4

As can be seen from Table 2, the largest amount of rainfall in Germany was observed in the month of july, it made 107.2 mm. The smallest amount of rainfall was observed in the month of april, when the characteristic value totalled 34.7 mm or liters per square meter.

Chart 1. Monthly rainfall in Germany

§ Change in precipitation in Germany by year and season

Table 3 presented below features the annual rainfall in Germany over the past 10 years.

Table 3. Precipitation in Germany by year.

Year of precipitation measurement Amount of precipitation per year,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in winter,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in spring,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in summer,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in autumn,
mm or l/m2
2012 767.5 254.2 110.5 260.8 168.2
2013 778.7 213.5 201.5 187.1 233.3
2014 727.1 118.2 151.4 275.2 148.0
2015 701.3 183.2 148.6 204.5 203.9
2016 733.1 191.5 166.5 231.7 153.4
2017 858.7 116.4 157.9 307.3 224.6
2018 586.3 198.6 140.6 129.4 92.8
2019 735.0 215.8 182.7 174.6 207.2
2020 704.9 223.4 105.6 228.2 149.0
2021 801.1 186.6 175.6 305.1 129.9

As can be seen from Table 3, over the past 10 years, the largest amount of rainfall in Germany was observed in 2017, it made 858.7 mm. The smallest amount of rainfall was observed in 2018, it totalled 586.3 mm.

Chart 2. Change in annual precipitation in Germany by year

§ Precipitation in Germany by federated state

In 2021, the largest amount of rainfall in Germany was observed in the federated state of Baden-Württemberg, it made 980.9mm or l/m2. The smallest amount of rainfall in the country was observed in the federated state of Saxony-Anhalt, it totalled 582.4mm or l/m2.

Table 4. Amount of precipitation in Germany by federated state as of 2021.

Federated state Amount of precipitation,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in winter,
mm or l/m2
Amount of precipitation in summer,
mm or l/m2
Saxony-Anhalt 582.4 120.6 229.3
Berlin 600.1 114.4 231.9
Brandenburg 600.6 114.8 232.3
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 652.4 146.2 217.9
Hesse 743.1 214.5 275.1
Lower Saxony 748.3 185.8 240.6
Bremen 748.5 185.4 240.3
Hamburg 748.5 185.4 240.3
Thuringia 755.0 173.4 309.0
Rhineland-Palatinate 776.6 242.7 287.3
Saxony 778.1 146.0 334.8
Schleswig-Holstein 802.2 175.0 224.2
North Rhine-Westphalia 840.7 228.2 297.0
Saarland 893.8 317.1 292.0
Bavaria 962.8 186.5 416.1
Baden-Württemberg 980.9 248.8 389.7

The amount of precipitation in Germany by federated state as of 2021.

Annual rainfall in Germany

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